Muscle Relaxer

Muscle Relaxers and Alcohol – Why It’s Dangerous to Mix [EXPLANATION] 0

Muscle relaxers are a class of oral drugs that are usually prescribed to treat neck or back pain that arises from muscle spasms and cramps.

Muscle injuries caused by accident or prolonged stiffness are also usually treated with these drugs.

The safest and most preferred way of taking these muscle relaxers is to consume them with a glass of water.

However

Mixing muscle relaxers with alcoholic beverages isn’t safe at all, and various studies have revealed that alcohol and muscle relaxers don’t work well together.

 

Be it an alcoholic beverage or a relaxing muscle drug; both are nervous system suppressants.

It’s common knowledge that you need your nervous system to function properly to move your muscles.

After you consume alcohol or muscle relaxers, you’ll experience restricted muscle activity.

However

This limited motion is induced by the muscle relaxers to help treat your back pain or neck pain that results from strain or muscle spasms.


Mixing Alcohol and Muscle Relaxers

Alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine are very common and popular, and these alcoholic drinks can prove beneficial for your health when taken in moderation.

However, they can be deadly when taken with muscle relaxers.

Replacing water with an alcoholic beverage to swallow your muscle relaxing drugs may not seem like a huge deal, but it can be extremely dangerous.

It’s not safe at all to mix powdered muscle relaxants with your alcoholic drink.

Interaction of alcohol with muscle relaxation drugs can produce some severe side effects that can also be fatal.

 

Studies also suggest:

That the effectiveness of muscle relaxing drugs also reduces significantly when consumed along with alcohol.

Hence

Mixing muscle relaxers and alcohol defeats the purpose of consuming muscle-relaxing drugs in the first place.

Combining the two is dangerous because both alcohol and muscle relaxation drugs act as sedatives that can relieve muscle spasms, but together, they can cause drowsiness.

Depending on the amount of alcohol and muscle relaxers consumed simultaneously, the feeling of drowsiness can elevate to dangerous levels.

 

As mentioned before:

Muscle relaxers work by slowing down the muscle movement.

This effect is further amplified by the presence of alcoholic beverages, which can lead to some dangerous consequences as the muscles that control the essential functions of a body, such as a heartbeat and breathing, may also be affected.

This can lead to heart problems, difficulty in breathing, or both.

Prevention

Since these side effects are serious, it’s important to practice alcohol abstinence while taking muscle relaxing drugs.

A recent study has shown:

That while most people are aware of the fatal effects that mixing alcohol with muscle relaxers can have, they are simply ignorant about the hazards of taking the muscle relaxers a while after consuming alcohol.

 

Some people believe:

Taking drugs and alcohol together is harmful, but consuming alcohol after a dose of these drugs with a gap of 10 to 15 minutes is safe.

However, this is far from the truth since the negative effects will still register, even if you separate the drug and alcohol consumption by a gap of 15 minutes or more.

At least two hours of a gap should be exercised if you take medicine after consuming alcohol.

This prevents the interaction of muscle relaxing drugs with alcohol.

However

It’s advised to practice total abstinence from all sorts of alcoholic beverages during the period that you’re on oral muscle relaxants.

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David Warren
David Warren is a pharmaceutical specialist that dispenses prescription medication on a daily basis. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in pharmacy from the University of Tennessee in 1991. With over 50 publications on medication-related and pharmacy topics, David has been able to share his experiences and knowledge with others. David with lots of experience and knowledge in medications that are utilized to treat a wide range of medical conditions. Before David dispenses a medication to a patient, he will go over the side effects, dosage recommendation and contraindications.

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The Function Of Muscle Relaxers [FULL EXPLANATION] 0

Muscle relaxers refer to the class of drugs used to provide relief from muscle spasms.

Quite a few conditions are affecting the central nervous system that can result in muscle spasms.

Trauma or injury to the head or back can also lead to muscle spasms.

With the muscle relaxers’ help, one can ensure that the pain and discomfort caused by the spasm are reduced.

 

Muscle spasm refers to the involuntary contraction of muscles, which contract suddenly, giving rise to a wave of pain.

When the muscles contract tightly to the extent that they stiffen, spasticity is said to have occurred.

It then becomes quite hard to use these muscles.

Muscle relaxers can be used to prevent this condition.

 

Several muscle relaxers are available on the market.

Cyclobenzaprine, Baclofen, soma, dantrolene, and tizanidine are examples of muscle relaxers that are prescribed commonly.

 

The muscle relaxers available on the market come in the form of tablets, capsules, or liquids.

Some are also available as injectable preparations.

Some drugs are injected during surgery into the vein, which is also referred to as muscle relaxants.

They are used to relax the muscles during surgery.


How do muscle relaxers perform their function?

The muscle relaxers perform their function by causing a decrease in the tension of the muscles, thereby ensuring that they become less stiff.

This leads to a reduction in pain and discomfort.

Different drugs have different mechanisms of action to perform their function.

Baclofen, along with diazepam and methocarbamol, acts on the central nervous system and leads to muscle relaxation.

On the other hand, dantrolene acts directly on the muscles.

Cyclobenzaprine is used to treat muscle spasms caused by acute conditions and is not found to be effective beyond a period of 2 weeks.

Diazepam is not used for the long term since it tends to cause dependency.

When it comes to prescription muscle relaxers for long-term usage, it is dantrolene, which is preferred since it has a relatively better safety profile as compared to the other options.

Carisoprodol or soma performs its function by blocking the pain sensation between the brain and the nerves, thereby providing relief from the pain caused by muscle spasms.

When are prescription muscle relaxers given to patients?

Muscle relaxers are prescribed so that the patient can attain relief from the pain and discomfort caused by muscle spasms.

This can occur in different conditions, including multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, cerebral palsy, and long-term injuries to the head or back. Short-term injuries, such as whiplash, can also lead to muscle spasms.

Certain drugs are usually given in the hospital, an example being the cannabis extract, which is often prescribed to patients who have multiple sclerosis and fail to respond to other muscle relaxers.

The drug is administered in a four-week trial to gauge if any improvement occurs.

  • Diazepam is used to provide relief from lower back pain or neck pain that can occur as a result of whiplash. Since the drug is addictive, it is only used for a week or two.
  • Carisoprodol is given in cases of injuries or painful musculoskeletal conditions. The drug should be avoided in patients who have a history of drug abuse.
  • Cyclobenzaprine is given to patients suffering from acute musculoskeletal conditions and required treatment for one or two weeks since the drug is found to be ineffective beyond this period.

Instructions associated with the drug

Most of the drugs are meant to be taken orally.

While prescribing muscle relaxers, doctors tend to start on a lower dosage and gradually increase over the weeks.

This is done to ensure that the body gets adequate time to adjust to the medications. Similarly, when the drugs are supposed to be stopped, they are not withdrawn suddenly and are instead tapered off.

The drugs meant to be given as injectable preparations are started off in the hospital.

Cannabis extract, which is available in the form of a spray for the mouth, is sprayed under the region of the tongue or on the inside of the cheek as prescribed by the doctor.

It is advisable to change the area where the spray is applied to ensure that irritation does not occur.

Potential side effects

A drug is yet to be formulated, which would not have any side effects.

Hence, muscle relaxers also carry a risk of certain side effects that the patient might have to experience due to the drug’s usage.

It needs to be kept in mind that the side effects can vary in patients, and over time might subside on their own.

Muscle weakness is a common side effect caused by most muscle relaxers.

Some other side effects that can be caused by different muscle relaxers are given below.

  • Baclofen
  • This drug can lead to a feeling of sickness, tiredness, vision problems, weakness, dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, and dry mouth in patients. The patient may also complain of breathing difficulties, insomnia, anxiety, increased micturition, and sweating. There have also been reports of skin rashes.
  • Flexeril
  • Patients taking this drug usually complain of drowsiness, dry mouth, and dizziness. Agitation is also often reported.
  • Soma
  • There have been reports of paralysis, lack of coordination, lightheadedness, fainting, tachycardia, and seizures using this drug. Some patients may also experience vision loss or agitation. Complaints of drowsiness, dizziness, tremor, blurred vision, depression, insomnia, and GI disturbances have also been registered.
  • Dantrolene
  • Dizziness, sleepiness, tiredness, diarrhea, and sickness are among the complaints made about dantrolene usage. Patients also complain of headaches, loss of appetite, rash, speech and vision problems, fever, chills, and seizures. There have also been reports of liver toxicity.
  • Diazepam
  • Sleepiness, weakness, and lightheadedness are the potential side effects that can be caused by this drug. Patients might also experience confusion or aggression owing to the usage of the drug.

Contraindications

There are certain conditions in which muscle relaxers should be avoided.

For instance, Baclofen should not be prescribed to patients suffering from a stomach ulcer, epilepsy, or diabetes. Furthermore, dantrolene should not be given to patients who suffer from any liver or heart conditions.

It should also be avoided in cases where breathing problems exist.

Diazepam should not be given to patients who have severe breathing difficulties.

It should also be avoided in patients with myasthenia gravis and lung problems.

Tizanidine is not prescribed to elderly patients or patients with liver problems, while methocarbamol is not given to patients suffering from myasthenia gravis or breathing problems.

The drug is also avoided in patients with epilepsy or brain damage. Cyclobenzaprine is avoided in elderly patients as it leads to confusion and delirium.

Important guidelines to pay heed to

Some guidelines should be adhered to when a patient is given muscle relaxers.

As we have discussed, nearly all muscle relaxers can lead to drowsiness, so it needs to be ensured that the patient does not drive or operate any machinery after taking the medication.

It is also advisable to refrain from drinking alcohol when you are on any muscle relaxer.

Furthermore, muscle relaxers should not be stopped suddenly or without the advice of the doctor.

The dosages need to be tapered off.

Diazepam carries a risk of dependency, and thus, withdrawal symptoms can occur if the drug is taken for more than two weeks and is then stopped suddenly.

Thus, the drug should be taken and stopped according to the instructions of the doctor.

How to get prescribed muscle relaxers?

Muscle relaxers cannot be bought without a prescription.

These drugs can only be purchased from a pharmacy when you present your prescription for them.

This is due to the side effects that they can cause.

It also exists an herbal form of muscle relaxant without prescription, but their effect will be much lower than the real prescribed medication.

These drugs are used for critical conditions, so consultation from a doctor must be acquired before you make use of them.

The drugs are available online in some places, but you will have to present a scanned copy of your prescription even if purchased online.

Furthermore, it is important to keep in mind that the drugs need to be authentic, so you need to ensure that they are purchased from a place that can be relied upon.

Caution advised

It is important to ensure that the patient is compliant and take the drugs as advised by the doctor.

Overdosing can prove detrimental to the health, and if the maximum benefit of the drug is to be attained, you need to ensure that you follow the doctor’s instructions.

The muscle relaxers also have some drug interactions, so if you are on any drug, the dose will have to be managed according to that.

It is important to ensure that the drugs do not put your health in jeopardy, and make this certain; you need to make it certain that you abide by the guidelines mentioned regarding these drugs’ usage.

Failure to do so can prove to be detrimental to your health.

Before you endeavor to use the drug, ensure that you acquire complete information about it from your doctor along with the potential side effects that you would need to be wary of.

This will ensure that you closely monitor your health and seek intervention in the case of any abnormality at the earliest.

What Do Muscle Relaxers Do & How Thet Work? [QUICK OVERVIEW] 0

Muscle relaxers are used to attain relief from muscle spasms that can occur due to different conditions.

Muscle spasms occur owing to the involuntary and uncontrolled contraction of muscles.

The muscles tend to contract suddenly, giving rise to pain.

Spasticity results when muscles contract tightly due to which they become stiff and harder to use.

Different muscle relaxers are currently in use to solve this problem.

  • Baclofen
  • dantrolene
  • diazepam
  • tizanidine
  • methocarbamol

Cannabis extract comprising of dronabinol and cannabidiol are some examples of muscle relaxers prescribed in the current times.

Most of these options are:

Available in the form of tablets, capsules, and liquid form.

Baclofen can be taken:

As an intrathecal injection, while diazepam can be administered rectally in liquid form.

Apart from attaining relief from muscle spasms, these drugs are sometimes used for other conditions as well.

Diazepam is given to those suffering from anxiety or insomnia and can also be used to treat seizures.


How do they work?

Muscle relaxers perform their function by causing the muscles to become less stiff and tense, which leads to a reduction in pain and discomfort.

Different muscle relaxers have different ways to perform their function.

Baclofen, diazepam, methocarbamol, and tizanidine acte on the brain and the spinal cord.

Dantrolene has a direct effect on the muscles due to which it has relatively fewer side effects as compared to the other options and is the drug prescribed for chronic muscle spasms.

Cannabis extracts act on the brain, spinal cord, and muscle.

When are muscle relaxers prescribed?

There are quite a few conditions that lead to muscle spasms, for which muscle relaxers are prescribed to provide relief.

Multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, cerebral palsy, and injuries to the head and back are examples of conditions that benefit muscle relaxers.

Cannabis is usually prescribed to patients with multiple sclerosis who do not show improvement with other muscle relaxers.

Usually

It is given as a four-week trial to gauge the effects it causes.

Diazepam is often used to provide relief from lower back pain or neck pain.

The drug is addictive:

So it should only be used for a week or two.

Methocarbamol is used for treating muscle spasm in people suffering from lower back pain.

How to take the drugs?

The drugs are usually taken orally.

Normally

The doctor starts the patient on a low dose, which is increased gradually over a few weeks.

This is done to give the body some time to get used to the medications.

Cannabis extract:

Is available in the form of a spray for the mouth needs to be sprayed under the tongue or onto the inside of the cheek once or twice in a day, as prescribed by the doctor.

The patient is advised to change the mouth area where the spray is applied to minimize the risk of irritation in the mouth.

Potential side effects

All drugs have a certain list of side effects that one needs to be wary of, and muscle relaxers are no different.

They may cause:

  • dizziness
  • sleeping problems
  • weakness
  • tiredness

Among other effects like liver toxicity, heartburn, and breathing problems.

Therefore

It needs to be ensured that the patient is closely monitored when the drugs are started so that intervention can be done in the case of any abnormality.

It should also be made certain that the patients observe compliance.

Muscle Relaxer Side Effects – What You Should Know [BE SAFE] 0

Muscle relaxers are a group of drugs used to relieve muscle spasms resulting from different conditions affecting the nervous system.

Apart from diseases

long-term and short-term injuries to the head and neck can lead to muscle spasms.

In such cases

The muscle relaxers prove to be highly beneficial in relaxing the muscles, which lead to relief from the pain and discomfort.

A muscle spasm occurs when a group of muscle contracts involuntarily and in an uncontrolled manner.

The contraction occurs suddenly and gives rise to quite a bit of pain.

Spasticity results when the muscles tighten a great deal due to which they become rather stiff, making it quite hard to use them.

Doctors currently prescribe various muscle relaxers.

These include:

Baclofen, dantrolene, diazepam, tizanidine, methocarbamol, and cannabis extract containing dronabinol and cannabidiol.

Most of these medications are available as tablets, capsules, or liquids.

Baclofen is also available in an injectable form where the injection has to be inserted into the back.

Diazepam is available in liquid form meant to be administered rectally, while an injectable preparation is available.

Cannabis extract is only available as a spray for the mouth.

Multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and motor neuron disease are some examples of conditions related to the central nervous system that

lead to muscle spasms.


Potential side effects that one needs to be wary of

There are no drugs that carry no risk of side effects, so muscle relaxers also have a list of possible side effects that you need to be cautious about.

It is important to keep in mind:

Everyone does not experience these side effects, and most of the effects tend to improve as your body adjusts to the medication.

Different muscle relaxers have different side effects.

Let us take a look at some of them.

  • Baclofen can lead to a feeling of sickness, tiredness, vision problems, weakness, and dizziness. Patients may also experience light-headedness, headache, and breathing problems. Some complaints about dry mouth, muscle ache, anxiety, confusion, and increased sweating.
  • Cases of skin rash and sleeping disturbances have also been reported.
  • Patients with dantrolene might experience dizziness, sleepiness, tiredness, sickness, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Some might also complain of headaches, loss of appetite, speech disturbances, fever with chills, and seizures. Inflammation of the lining around the heart can also result in some cases, and there have been reports of liver toxicity caused by the drug.
  • Those taking diazepam may feel weak and lightheaded, and they may suffer from episodes of forgetfulness. The drug can also cause confusion, aggression, and instability.
  • Patients taking tizanidine may experience drowsiness, dizziness, and fatigue. They may also complain of stomach upset, hallucinations, slower heart rate, and difficulty in sleeping.
  • Methocarbamol may lead to forgetfulness, anxiety, blurred vision, confusion, headache, and heartburn. The drug can also trigger allergic reactions, and some patients might experience itching and rashes.
  • Dizziness, depression, abdominal problems, mouth ulcers, and appetite changes have been reported using cannabis extract. There are also reports of hallucinations.

Contraindications to muscle relaxers

There are certain conditions where muscle relaxers cannot be prescribed.

Baclofen is contraindicated in patients suffering from:

Stomach ulcer, epilepsy, mental condition, and diabetes. Similarly, dantrolene cannot be given to those who have liver, heart, or breathing problems.

It is advisable to prescribe diazepam to those suffering from:

Conditions like myasthenia gravis and lung problems. Tizanidine should be avoided for older people or people with liver diseases.

Some factors to take into consideration

As has been noted, most people are prone to drowsiness.

Hence

One should avoid driving or operate any machinery if he experiences dizziness on taking the medication.

It is also advisable to refrain from consuming alcohol during this period.

  • Certain drugs, such as baclofen, should not be stopped suddenly. The dose should be tapered off i.e., decreased slowly over weeks before it is stopped completely.
  • Diazepam has the potential for addiction, and those who take the drug for more than two weeks can grow dependent. Therefore, they might experience withdrawal symptoms if the drug is stopped suddenly.

Caution is advised

It is essential to keep in mind that drugs can lead to serious side effects if taken in the wrong manner.

 Therefore

It needs to be ensured that the medication dosage and timing are followed strictly as advised by the doctor.

These drugs are available over the counter, but you will need to purchase upon prescription if you have a serious condition.

Therefore

You need to ensure that all the instructions are followed to the last letter to ensure that the drugs do not prove detrimental to health.

The drugs have the potential of being harmful and addictive, and it is up to you to ensure that the risk associated with them is minimized.

Snorting Muscle Relaxers – Is It Dangerous ? [EXPLANATION] 0

Snorting muscle relaxers or other prescription drugs is considered to be a form of prescription drug abuse.

In simpler words:

It’s the use of prescription drugs in a way that it’s not supposed to be used.

A significant percentage of the population uses prescription muscle relaxers without a proper prescription, and there’s a chance that most of these users snorted muscle relaxers at some point.

While opioid painkillers are the most common prescription drugs abused by young adults and teens, that doesn’t mean muscle relaxers aren’t being snorted and abused.

Illicit use of prescription muscle relaxers is higher among adolescents and young adults than other age groups.

Many people think that prescription drugs are safer to snort than street drugs, but that’s far from the truth.

These prescription muscle relaxers can cause serious side effects, especially when they are being snorted and abused.

Snorting muscle relaxers is incredibly dangerous to your health.

Prescription drug abuse isn’t a new trend, and it has been going on ever since Bayer created a drug called heroin.

Since then, people have been abusing drugs that are intended for medical purposes.

These days

Abuse of muscle relaxers and prescription drugs is bigger than ever.

ER visits due to prescription drug abuse have more than doubled over the last decade.

In fact

The rate of prescription drug abuse is much higher than illicit drug use.

However

Muscle relaxers aren’t the only drugs that are being abused.

People are also snorting OxyContin and several other painkillers.

There are many sorts of medications ripe for abuse, and muscle relaxers are just one of them.


Why It’s Dangerous

Snorting muscle relaxers may appeal to some people because of the intense and quick onset of the effects.

However

Suppose they continue to use muscle relaxers and painkillers non-medically more frequently. In that case, they’ll soon discover that the drugs don’t have the same intensity of effects, no matter how they are administered i.e. orally or nasally.

Snorting muscle relaxers produces a quicker and more extreme high.

Users who have built up a drug tolerance for muscle relaxers will not find the same stimulation level by simply ingesting the muscle relaxants orally.

This leads to them snorting crushed-up muscle-relaxing drugs to reach the same intoxication level.

Benzodiazepines, or known as benzos, are common muscle relaxing, anti-anxiety, anti-seizure drugs.

Over the years, the use, as well as the abuse of benzos, has gone up.

In 2012:

Physicians per 100 patients wrote 38 benzo prescriptions.

Snorting muscle relaxers is so dangerous because the wide abuse of this class of drugs can even lead to death. 

In fact

It has even surpassed heroin and cocaine in terms of the number of unintentional deaths.

Benzos are very effective as muscle relaxers because they work by activating a neurotransmitter that blocks the brain cell activity.

This leads to the sedative effect that causes the muscles to relax.

However

This is the same reason why people abuse this drug in the first place.

Benzos are muscle relaxers that have a tranquilizing effect, which can be addicting.

Prevention

In most cases, people build up drug tolerance for muscle relaxers and end up resorting to snorting these drugs to experience the same effect.

Hence

It’s important not to consume too many muscle relaxers regularly.

Since we know that most of the time

Prescription drug abusers can get their medication from friends and family, it’s important to take stock of your medicine cabinets regularly.

Is Naproxen a Muscle Relaxer? [EXPLANATION] 0

Naproxen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that works by reducing the hormones causing pain and inflammation in the body.

It works by preventing the effect of chemicals in your body called cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes.

The enzymes are useful in making other chemicals in the body known as prostaglandins.

Some prostaglandins are produced at sites of damage or injury and result in inflammation and pain.

By preventing COX enzymes’ effect, naproxen allows fewer prostaglandins to be produced, which means no pain and inflammation.

While naproxen is a pain reliever:

That can help reduce muscle spasms; it does not possess any direct muscle relaxant properties, which means it does not belong to muscle relaxers.

The drug is used for treating inflammation and pain caused by conditions such as:

  • ankylosing
  • arthritis
  • spondylitis
  • bursitis
  • tendinitis
  • gout
  • menstrual cramps.

It is available as the brand-name drugs Naprelan, Naprosyn, Anaprox, and Mediproxen.


Precautions

Although naproxen is used for relieving pain, it may cause some problems to certain individuals in certain conditions.

Therefore

Extra care is required when taking medicine.

 Before you consume your first dose:

Make sure that your doctor is aware of any other allergic disorder, high blood pressure, a heart condition, or ever experienced blood clotting problems.

 Also, inform your doctor if you are expecting or breastfeeding.

Side Effects

The common side effects of naproxen include:

  • diarrhea
  • gas
  • heartburn
  • dizziness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • constipation
  • stomach pain.

Other than these

You might also experience some serious side effects, upon which you need to contact your doctor immediately.

 The severe side effects are

  • shortness of breath
  • difficulty in breathing
  • chest pain
  • swelling of the throat or face
  • high blood pressure
  • a problem in speaking
  • asthma attacks
  • yellowing of skin
  • whites of the eyes
  • swelling of any part of the body
  • unusual weight gain
  • skin rash
  • blisters

Moreover

Naproxen intake can also cause an ulcer in the intestines and stomach.

The symptoms of this are

  • stomach pain
  • vomiting blood
  • blood in your stool
  • sticky black stool

Weakness, fatigue, and lethargy after taking the drug can also sign a lower count of red blood cells.

Warnings

Naproxen is reported to cause an asthma attack.

If your asthma triggers with aspirins or other NSAIDs, naproxen is not for you.

People with a history of stomach or intestinal bleeding or ulcer should avoid the drug.

It can also cause damage to the kidney if used for a very long time.

Patients with high blood pressure problems are advised not to take naproxen because it can worsen the condition and make their high blood pressure medications not work.

The drug can also result in severe allergic reactions.

If you notice:

  • Hives
  • Swelling of your tongue or throat
  • Trouble in breathing

Do not retake medicine as it could be fatal.

Naproxen comes in category C pregnancy drugs.

According to the research conducted in animals:

The drug can have adverse effects on the fetus when the expectant mother takes it.

However

There are no adequate studies done in humans to ensure if the drug is safe.

Therefore

It is suggested to stop naproxen intake during the third trimester of pregnancy as it may be harmful to the unborn baby.

The drug can also be passed through breast milk and can cause side effects in a breastfeeding child, so it is recommended not to breastfeed while taking this medication.

Be cautious when taking naproxen if you are older than sixty-five years as your body may process the drug slower.

Your doctor is more likely to start you on a lowered dose to not build up in your body.

Carisoprodol – All You Need to Know About 0

The general form of the prescription drug soma is known as carisoprodol, which is used for alleviating pain from muscle spasms and relaxing muscles.

Carisoprodol is from the group of drugs called muscle relaxants.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved Media Pharmaceuticals manufacture drug.


The ‘Carisoprodol High’ and Abuse

Among all muscle relaxants, carisoprodol is known for having the greatest abuse potential and causing drowsiness.

As put forward by the anecdotal reports, drug abusers usually combine carisoprodol with two other medications, hydrocodone and benzodiazepine alprazolam (Xanax), to prepare a cocktail called “The Holy Cocktail” or “The Trinity.” Considering its potential for abuse, carisoprodol is an FDA-scheduled drug, but it is subject to the Controlled Substances Act.

Make sure to keep the drug away from teenagers, children, or anyone for whom it may not be prescribed as there are some serious risks and side effects involved.

Carisoprodol Warnings

If you are allergic to carisoprodol or any of the ingredients, you should completely avoid using it.

However, if you are not allergic but have any of the following conditions, consider referring to a physician before taking the drug.

  • Acute intermittent porphyria
  • A history of substance or drug abuse
  • A risk or history of seizures
  • Poor liver function
  • Poor kidney function
  • Sensitivity to the drug felbamate (Felbatol)
  • Sensitivity to the drug meprobamate

Moreover, if you have any physical disabilities or are of advanced age, it is suggested to take carisoprodol with special care under a doctor’s guidance.

While it is uncertain if the drug causes any harm to an unborn baby or fetus, you should notify your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant before taking the medication.

Also, breastfeeding mothers are recommended to consult a physician.

Side Effects

The common side effects of carisoprodol include headache, drowsiness, sleepiness, and dizziness.

If these conditions are persistent or become severe, you need to speak to your doctor and seek medical care immediately.

Some people may also experience dry eyes, constipation, dry mouth, and trouble in urinating.

Another condition is a severe skin reaction where the skin peels, becomes extremely red or develops large bumps and blisters.

This life-threatening condition is known as erythema multiforme. Other symptoms are swelling of the tongue, lips, and mouth (also called angioedema), feeling of confusion and agitation, extreme weakness, paralysis, and poor coordination.

You may also experience seizures, lightheadedness while standing and sitting new infections, or fatigue after taking the medication.

It is not uncommon to feel ‘weird’ when you stop taking carisoprodol after consuming it for a long time.

Carisoprodol Interactions

It is always important to discuss all of your treatments with your pharmacist and doctor, including any over-the-counter (OTC) medications (nutritional shakes, vitamins, protein powders, herbal treatments, etc. medicines) as well as any recreational or illegal drugs.

When you are using carisoprodol, it is advisable to avoid the intake of clopidogrel (Plavix), drugs that contain doxylamine, carbinoxamine, sodium oxybate (Xyrem), and ticlopidine (Ticlid).

Carisoprodol is known for interacting with various groups of drugs such as:

  • Sleep medications like opiates
  • Anxiety medications, including benzodiazepines
  • Drugs that enhance wakefulness such as armodafinil (Nuvigil) and modafinil (Provigil)
  • Medications that are taken for psychological conditions such as depression
  • Drugs that can cure seizures and muscle disorders
  • Analgesics or pain killers
  • Other drugs that can dull the nervous system or act on brain receptors such as guanabenz, guanfacine (Tenex, Estulic, Intuniv), apomorphine (Apokyn), and methyldopa (Aldomet)

Drugs like belatacept (Nulojix) and adalimumab (Humira) that suppress your immune system and allergy medicines also interact with carisoprodol.

Individuals taking the chemotherapy drug acrivastine are advised to avoid taking carisoprodol at the same time.

Other drugs that can interact with carisoprodol are tocilizumab (Actemra) and thalidomide (Thalidomid).

Furthermore, drinking alcohol while you are taking the medication can worsen your nervous system and impair movement and increase drowsiness.

Make sure you restrict your consumption of alcohol with the intake of carisoprodol.

Furthermore, grapefruit juice is commonly believed to interact with the drug. Still, both the juice and the medication are broken down through different pathways in the liver, so it is not likely for a reaction to occur.

Medications such as the prescription drug rifampin (Rifadin) and herbal supplement St. John’s wort may reduce carisoprodol’s ability to work.

Dosage

Carisoprodol comes in 250 and 350 mg tablets.

The recommendation is to take the tablet with a full water glass, whether you have eaten anything or not.

It is better if you have not eaten since eating can delay the effects of the medicine.

Make sure you do not take two doses of the drug at the same time.