The term alopecia androgenetic is a medical synonym for hair loss. It is prevalent both among male as well as female genders. Here, we take up the hair loss syndrome in both genders and analyze its causes in brief. As you are aware, the causes vary in nature. Some are genetic in nature, while others are caused by increased use of medications, artificial conditioners, shampoos, hair oil, etc. Illnesses and allergies could also be responsible for hair loss in some cases. The other type is known to be caused by increasing physical/mental stress also. Let us take a brief overview of these causes. As seen, the major type of baldness is the Androgenetic Alopecia baldness, which is caused due to either genetic reasons or D.H.T excess.
Genetic causes: The Androgen Receptor Gene is inherited from mother and/or from father. One of the studies revealed that male hereditary baldness’s intensity was more from the mother’s side. This was mainly attributed to the X chromosomes passed onto the child from the forefathers belonging to the mother’s side.
D.H.T: Di Hydro Testosterone is yet another hormone, which is common among men. It is said to be the active form of testosterone. It is supposed to promote and regulate the regular maleness features associated with the development of body hair, prostate glands, balancing of sexual inclination/libido, etc. However, the studies have further revealed that as long as D.H.T is in the correct balance with androstenedione hormone, testosterones’ production will be in healthy conditions, keeping the complete sexual hormones functionalities balanced manner.
However, when the production of D.H.T excess that of the androstenedione hormone, the results could be leading to negative side effects like increased hair loss. They normally block the entry of vital vitamins, nutrients, and minerals through the hair follicles. This causes the roots to go weaker in time, and hair fall intensifies.
Major types of hair loss associated with alopecia androgenetic
- Patchy type: It is said to start at the occipital (at the back of the male skull, diagonally above the left ear region) area. This phenomenon could sometimes start at the Parietal (Just above the Temporal lobe, which is right above the left ear region) area. This normally leads to irregular shapes of baldness.
- Total Type: This is a type of complete baldness in which not even a single hair thread remains. Sometimes it gives a feeling that the head has been shaved! This happens in very rare cases where the male body’s immune system starts an assault on hair follicles’ roots. The male immune system’s exact reasons to show such a behavioral pattern are yet to be discovered by the medical community.
- Alopecia areata type baldness: This is another type of baldness that is common among both the genders. It causes hair loss patches on parts of the head, body, and beard and mustache regions. This is found to be most prevalent among people who have ancestors with Diabetic and/or thyroid problems.
- Universalis Alopecia type baldness: This type of baldness leads to hair loss from all over the body. This is another typical example of an autoimmune attacking syndrome, where the immune system damages the hair follicles in the scalp and the skin areas. The actual causes for why this phenomenon occurs are not yet determined. This is found to be common among all ages, especially among teens and young adults.
- Disseminate Alopecia baldness: This is another type of baldness that occurs all over the skin’s head, scalp region, and parts. This is known to be common among all the age groups and both the genders. Studies have revealed that messed up the thyroid glands’ functionality status could be one of the major causes of this type of baldness. It is found to be more dominant among men than in women.
Medical science has made only partial progress in determining the actual root causes of hair loss and baldness to date. Researches are consistently in progress to arrive at the exact causes.