Muscle Relaxer

The Function Of Muscle Relaxers [FULL EXPLANATION] 0

Muscle relaxers refer to the class of drugs used to provide relief from muscle spasms.

Quite a few conditions are affecting the central nervous system that can result in muscle spasms.

Trauma or injury to the head or back can also lead to muscle spasms.

With the muscle relaxers’ help, one can ensure that the pain and discomfort caused by the spasm are reduced.

 

Muscle spasm refers to the involuntary contraction of muscles, which contract suddenly, giving rise to a wave of pain.

When the muscles contract tightly to the extent that they stiffen, spasticity is said to have occurred.

It then becomes quite hard to use these muscles.

Muscle relaxers can be used to prevent this condition.

 

Several muscle relaxers are available on the market.

Cyclobenzaprine, Baclofen, soma, dantrolene, and tizanidine are examples of muscle relaxers that are prescribed commonly.

 

The muscle relaxers available on the market come in the form of tablets, capsules, or liquids.

Some are also available as injectable preparations.

Some drugs are injected during surgery into the vein, which is also referred to as muscle relaxants.

They are used to relax the muscles during surgery.


How do muscle relaxers perform their function?

The muscle relaxers perform their function by causing a decrease in the tension of the muscles, thereby ensuring that they become less stiff.

This leads to a reduction in pain and discomfort.

Different drugs have different mechanisms of action to perform their function.

Baclofen, along with diazepam and methocarbamol, acts on the central nervous system and leads to muscle relaxation.

On the other hand, dantrolene acts directly on the muscles.

Cyclobenzaprine is used to treat muscle spasms caused by acute conditions and is not found to be effective beyond a period of 2 weeks.

Diazepam is not used for the long term since it tends to cause dependency.

When it comes to prescription muscle relaxers for long-term usage, it is dantrolene, which is preferred since it has a relatively better safety profile as compared to the other options.

Carisoprodol or soma performs its function by blocking the pain sensation between the brain and the nerves, thereby providing relief from the pain caused by muscle spasms.

When are prescription muscle relaxers given to patients?

Muscle relaxers are prescribed so that the patient can attain relief from the pain and discomfort caused by muscle spasms.

This can occur in different conditions, including multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, cerebral palsy, and long-term injuries to the head or back. Short-term injuries, such as whiplash, can also lead to muscle spasms.

Certain drugs are usually given in the hospital, an example being the cannabis extract, which is often prescribed to patients who have multiple sclerosis and fail to respond to other muscle relaxers.

The drug is administered in a four-week trial to gauge if any improvement occurs.

  • Diazepam is used to provide relief from lower back pain or neck pain that can occur as a result of whiplash. Since the drug is addictive, it is only used for a week or two.
  • Carisoprodol is given in cases of injuries or painful musculoskeletal conditions. The drug should be avoided in patients who have a history of drug abuse.
  • Cyclobenzaprine is given to patients suffering from acute musculoskeletal conditions and required treatment for one or two weeks since the drug is found to be ineffective beyond this period.

Instructions associated with the drug

Most of the drugs are meant to be taken orally.

While prescribing muscle relaxers, doctors tend to start on a lower dosage and gradually increase over the weeks.

This is done to ensure that the body gets adequate time to adjust to the medications. Similarly, when the drugs are supposed to be stopped, they are not withdrawn suddenly and are instead tapered off.

The drugs meant to be given as injectable preparations are started off in the hospital.

Cannabis extract, which is available in the form of a spray for the mouth, is sprayed under the region of the tongue or on the inside of the cheek as prescribed by the doctor.

It is advisable to change the area where the spray is applied to ensure that irritation does not occur.

Potential side effects

A drug is yet to be formulated, which would not have any side effects.

Hence, muscle relaxers also carry a risk of certain side effects that the patient might have to experience due to the drug’s usage.

It needs to be kept in mind that the side effects can vary in patients, and over time might subside on their own.

Muscle weakness is a common side effect caused by most muscle relaxers.

Some other side effects that can be caused by different muscle relaxers are given below.

  • Baclofen
  • This drug can lead to a feeling of sickness, tiredness, vision problems, weakness, dizziness, lightheadedness, headache, and dry mouth in patients. The patient may also complain of breathing difficulties, insomnia, anxiety, increased micturition, and sweating. There have also been reports of skin rashes.
  • Flexeril
  • Patients taking this drug usually complain of drowsiness, dry mouth, and dizziness. Agitation is also often reported.
  • Soma
  • There have been reports of paralysis, lack of coordination, lightheadedness, fainting, tachycardia, and seizures using this drug. Some patients may also experience vision loss or agitation. Complaints of drowsiness, dizziness, tremor, blurred vision, depression, insomnia, and GI disturbances have also been registered.
  • Dantrolene
  • Dizziness, sleepiness, tiredness, diarrhea, and sickness are among the complaints made about dantrolene usage. Patients also complain of headaches, loss of appetite, rash, speech and vision problems, fever, chills, and seizures. There have also been reports of liver toxicity.
  • Diazepam
  • Sleepiness, weakness, and lightheadedness are the potential side effects that can be caused by this drug. Patients might also experience confusion or aggression owing to the usage of the drug.

Contraindications

There are certain conditions in which muscle relaxers should be avoided.

For instance, Baclofen should not be prescribed to patients suffering from a stomach ulcer, epilepsy, or diabetes. Furthermore, dantrolene should not be given to patients who suffer from any liver or heart conditions.

It should also be avoided in cases where breathing problems exist.

Diazepam should not be given to patients who have severe breathing difficulties.

It should also be avoided in patients with myasthenia gravis and lung problems.

Tizanidine is not prescribed to elderly patients or patients with liver problems, while methocarbamol is not given to patients suffering from myasthenia gravis or breathing problems.

The drug is also avoided in patients with epilepsy or brain damage. Cyclobenzaprine is avoided in elderly patients as it leads to confusion and delirium.

Important guidelines to pay heed to

Some guidelines should be adhered to when a patient is given muscle relaxers.

As we have discussed, nearly all muscle relaxers can lead to drowsiness, so it needs to be ensured that the patient does not drive or operate any machinery after taking the medication.

It is also advisable to refrain from drinking alcohol when you are on any muscle relaxer.

Furthermore, muscle relaxers should not be stopped suddenly or without the advice of the doctor.

The dosages need to be tapered off.

Diazepam carries a risk of dependency, and thus, withdrawal symptoms can occur if the drug is taken for more than two weeks and is then stopped suddenly.

Thus, the drug should be taken and stopped according to the instructions of the doctor.

How to get prescribed muscle relaxers?

Muscle relaxers cannot be bought without a prescription.

These drugs can only be purchased from a pharmacy when you present your prescription for them.

This is due to the side effects that they can cause.

It also exists an herbal form of muscle relaxant without prescription, but their effect will be much lower than the real prescribed medication.

These drugs are used for critical conditions, so consultation from a doctor must be acquired before you make use of them.

The drugs are available online in some places, but you will have to present a scanned copy of your prescription even if purchased online.

Furthermore, it is important to keep in mind that the drugs need to be authentic, so you need to ensure that they are purchased from a place that can be relied upon.

Caution advised

It is important to ensure that the patient is compliant and take the drugs as advised by the doctor.

Overdosing can prove detrimental to the health, and if the maximum benefit of the drug is to be attained, you need to ensure that you follow the doctor’s instructions.

The muscle relaxers also have some drug interactions, so if you are on any drug, the dose will have to be managed according to that.

It is important to ensure that the drugs do not put your health in jeopardy, and make this certain; you need to make it certain that you abide by the guidelines mentioned regarding these drugs’ usage.

Failure to do so can prove to be detrimental to your health.

Before you endeavor to use the drug, ensure that you acquire complete information about it from your doctor along with the potential side effects that you would need to be wary of.

This will ensure that you closely monitor your health and seek intervention in the case of any abnormality at the earliest.

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David Warren
David Warren is a pharmaceutical specialist that dispenses prescription medication on a daily basis. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in pharmacy from the University of Tennessee in 1991. With over 50 publications on medication-related and pharmacy topics, David has been able to share his experiences and knowledge with others. David with lots of experience and knowledge in medications that are utilized to treat a wide range of medical conditions. Before David dispenses a medication to a patient, he will go over the side effects, dosage recommendation and contraindications.

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Is Meloxicam a Muscle Relaxer? [EXPLANATION] 0

When a group of muscle contracts is involuntarily and uncontrolled, muscle spasms are said to have occurred.

The muscle spasm gives rise to quite a bit of pain and discomfort, with things getting difficult to the extent that your muscles become stiff and unable to move them.

In such conditions

It is muscle relaxers which provide you relief as they prevent the spasm and spasticity from occurring.

Muscle relaxers are effective in various conditions related to the central nervous system, such as cerebral palsy and motor neuron disease.

The drugs are found to be effective in dealing with pain arising from long-term injuries to the head or back.

Plenty of muscle relaxers are available on the market, but they cannot be purchased without a prescription due to the side effects they might cause.

What is meloxicam?


Meloxicam is a prescription drug that is available under the brand name of Mobic.

It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug available in the form of a tablet, capsule, and liquid suspension.

The drug is meant to be taken orally.

The drug is used to:

Decrease the pain and inflammation in joints and muscles, and it is approved for the treatment of conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile arthritis.

The drug works by reducing pain, inflammation, and fever in these conditions.

It assists in lowering the levels of prostaglandin, which causes inflammation.


The confusion surrounding muscle relaxers and meloxicam

Most people tend to have the misconception that meloxicam is a muscle relaxer.

This is because the drug serves to improve movement.

However

It should not be confused with a muscle relaxer since it has no effect on muscle spasms and cannot work to provide relief from the pain arising from this condition.

Muscle relaxers should be used according to the instructions of the doctor, which is why you should attain prompt consultation if you have been facing issues related to muscle spasms.

Meloxicam is not a drug that could prove to be beneficial for you in this condition.

Common side effects caused by the drug

No medication has been formulated that does not carry a risk of probable side effects.

Therefore

You need to ensure that you are well aware of what you are signing up for before using the drug.

Endeavor to acquire complete information about it, which will make it certain that the drug’s effects do not take you by surprise and you are prepared for them beforehand.

Common side effects that can be caused by:

Meloxicam includes abdominal pain, diarrhea, indigestion or heartburn, nausea, dizziness, headache, itching, and rash.

There are some serious side effects that you should be cautious of as well.

The drug may lead to:

A heart attack, stroke, liver damage, severe stomach pain, hypertension, water retention, swelling, and kidney damage.

The drug can also prove to be:

addictive for some patients, which is why it needs to be ensured that regular checkup is acquired from the doctor.

The drug can be used for a long time, but only if the effects are closely monitored.

While using the drug:

It is important to ensure that you do not underestimate any effects that it might be causing.

Keep a close eye on your health: 

Ensure that you seek help at the earliest if there are signs of any abnormality.

You should also ensure that you abide by the instructions that the doctor provides you with.

Is Xanax A Muscle Relaxer? What You Should Know [EXPLANATION] 0

Over the years, Xanax (alprazolam) has been prescribed for a wide variety of problems.

Nonetheless

It is mainly classified as an anti-anxiety medication.

This benzodiazepine is commonly used for the treatment of panic disorders and anxiety.

 From time to time

The medication may also be prescribed for other purposes.

Below, you will learn more about this medication and its wide variety of uses.


How Xanax Works

First and foremost

You should better familiarize yourself with the true functionality of Xanax.

The benzodiazepine, also known as alprazolam, impacts the chemicals inside the human brain.

The goal of the medication is to correct unbalances in people that suffer from anxiety.

By stabilizing these chemicals, it is believed that the patient will overcome their mental ailment and defeat their anxiety.

While Xanax is generally very safe, it should not be used in some situations.

When Not To Use Xanax

Again, Xanax is typically very safe, but it is not a suitable solution for all patients.

If you fit into one of the categories listed below, you should not consume this medication.

  • You are allergic to Xanax, Ativan, Valium, or other similar medications
  • You suffer from narrow-angle glaucoma
  • You are currently pregnant or breastfeeding
  • You have a history of drug abuse

Never mix Xanax with alcohol.

As long as you do not fit into the above categories and your doctor has prescribed the Xanax, it will be very safe.

Nonetheless

It is essential to be very cautious and always follow your doctor’s strict orders.

Failing to do so could elevate the risks, while simultaneously making you much more likely to become addicted.

Is Xanax A Muscle Relaxer?

From time to time, a patient may be prescribed with Xanax for muscle pain.

While the medication is generally not classified as a muscle spasm relaxer, it may provide the patient with relief from pain and suffering.

Before attempting to treat your pain with Xanax:

It is essential to speak with your primary medical doctor.

He or she will be able to determine whether or not Xanax is right for you.

If it is not:

They’ll be happy to provide you with a safer alternative.

Conclusion

All in all, Xanax can sometimes be used effectively for pain.

However

You should not take it upon yourself to treat your pain with this medication.

Always speak with a medical professional before consuming any medication!

Muscle Relaxers For Neck Pain – What Is Your Best Options? [OVERVIEW] 0

Muscle relaxers are a group of drugs that provide relief from the pain and discomfort that arises due to muscle spasms.

Involuntary and uncontrolled contraction of muscles leads to spasms and at the time.

The contraction is so tight that the muscles become stiff, making it difficult for you to move them.

Muscle relaxers are used in quite a few conditions related to the nervous system and the neck.

It is their effect with regards to neck pain that we are going to shed some light on.

Muscle relaxers provide relief when severe muscle spasms cause neck pain.

Therefore

Before you contemplate using the drug for attaining relief from your neck pain, it is important to acquire information regarding the cause of the pain.


Options available on the market

If we talk about muscle relaxers for neck pain, numerous options are available to prove beneficial for you.

However

Before we mention the drugs, we feel it prudent to point out that you can avail of these drugs over the counter.

They are not only available with a prescription.

This is because of the potential side effects they have, which we will discuss shortly.

The various options available on the market include:

Carisoprodol (found with the brand name of Soma), cyclobenzaprine (which you can find on the market by the name of Flexeril), diazepam (having the brand name of Valium) and methocarbamol (available as Robaxin).

While taking muscle relaxers:

It is important to follow instructions to the last letter since overdosing can be detrimental to your health.

Occasionally

Muscle relaxers are prescribed in combination with other medicines such as aspirin or caffeine to optimize their effects.

Side effects that you need to be wary of

All medicines available for usage, irrespective of their indication, have a list of probable side effects that you need to be wary of.

Therefore

When you have prescribed muscle relaxers for neck pain, the first thing that you ought to do is acquire information regarding their possible side effects.

Before discussing the common side effects that you should be cautious about when you use muscle relaxers, let us point out a few important things. 

It is essential to keep in mind that the benefits that medicines have to offer usually outweigh the risks, and the side effects may disappear a while after starting the drug.

Therefore

Do not give up on the drug on your own at the first sign of any side effect.

Consult your doctor

Who will be able to guide you in the right direction?

You might have to lower the dosage or change the medication as the need may be.

Emergency assistance needs to be acquired if you have trouble breathing or experience swelling in your face, tongue, or throat.

Common side effects that might come your way include

  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth
  • urinary retention.

Some drugs also carry a risk of dependency, so these drugs should only be used for short-term treatment.

It is advisable to refrain from indulging in activities such:

Driving or operating machinery after you have taken muscle relaxers as this can place you in danger and compromise the safety of those around you.

These medicines are best taken at bedtime.

If you use one during your waking hours, strictly avoid driving, operating machinery, or doing similar activities that could be dangerous to you or others if you become drowsy.

In the case of any side effect:

Do not refrain from consulting your doctor, lest things get serious.

Are Muscle Relaxers Addictive? 0

The two most significant types of muscle relaxers include neuromuscular blockers and spasmolytics.

While neuromuscular blockers are useful in surgical procedures, spasmolytics are commonly used to relieve pain associated with spasms and various other neurological conditions.

Neuromuscular blockers are also used to cause temporary paralysis in emergencies.

Despite the benefits, doctors do not always recommend muscle relaxers as the first treatment method for back pain because of their side effects.

They are used to cure more severe neurological conditions, in which an initial assessment is necessary to evaluate the need for the drug and the duration it is required.

They are not prescribed for prolonged use, and those who are using them should do so under a physician’s care.


Addiction

If you take the drug strictly according to the doctor’s prescription, it may produce some mild side effects while improving the pain, but it does not make you addicted.

For instance, people living with arthritis usually find lots of relief with muscle relaxers.

The addiction to muscle relaxers develops when the drugs are habitually taken to relieve pain.

Due to the drugs’ fast-acting nature, it is not uncommon for individuals to become dependent on them whenever they feel any degree of pain. The drug becomes the primary source of relaxation and relief from both mental and physical stresses.

Even more concerning is when muscle relaxers are used with other substances.

The combination of different drugs results in the exacerbation of the side effects associated with abuse. Individuals who are no longer using the drug can experience withdrawal symptoms after prolonged use.

Muscle relaxers can be very dangerous and highly addictive if not used as advised by the physician.

While the addiction and abuse of muscle relaxers are not as commonly seen as other controlled substances, the wide use of these drugs to relieve pain makes them more readily available in many households, making them easier to abuse.

For avoiding any addiction risk, you should try an OTC before making an appointment with your doctor for a prescription; read our OTC Muscle Relaxer Buying Guide.

Side Effects

Abusing muscle relaxers can result in severe adverse side effects that can alter normal functions.

Incidents of dizziness, sedation, and drowsiness are commonly reported, whereas in other cases, muscle relaxers’ high can lead to paralysis and heart failure.

Considering the side effects of using these drugs, individuals are recommended not to operate any machinery or drive after taking the drug. Furthermore, the drug should be taken before going to bed.

The results of muscle relaxer abuse on the nervous system make it attractive to individuals looking to get high.

Often, muscle relaxers are abused along with other substances to produce greater experiences of euphoria.

A few types of muscle relaxers, especially when taken in combination with other substances or excess, can cause irregular heartbeat, severe allergic reactions, and hallucinations.

Since these drugs are made to slow down the central nervous system (CNS), the dangers of abusing muscle relaxants can be life-threatening.

Warnings

Muscle relaxant drugs are also known to increase the effects of alcohol and other drugs that suppress the central nervous system.

Any individual who is consuming muscle relaxants is advised to avoid activities that might compromise their performance and safety.

The United States Food and Drug Administration does not recommend muscle relaxants for a longer time.

If you experience any unusual sickness or disease such as kidney disease, allergies, irregular heartbeat, hepatitis, overactive thyroid, glaucoma, or problem in urination, you should immediately consult your doctor.

Is Tramadol a Muscle Relaxer? [EXPLANATION] 1

Tramadol is a narcotic-like pain reliever which is used to attain relief from moderate to severe pain.

The drug should be avoided by those who have consumed

Alcohol or take sedatives, tranquilizers, or narcotic medications within the past few hours.

The drug can slow down the breathing rate, especially during the initial days when you start using it.

Therefore

You need to ensure that you take the drug in the dosage that has been prescribed by the doctor.

If you fail to do so or use the drug longer than what the doctor had instructed, you would be placing your health in jeopardy.

It is advisable to take the drug whole to ensure that overexposure does not occur.

There have been reports of convulsions and seizures due to the usage of this drug, which usually occurs in those who have a history of seizures or who have had a head injury in the past.

The drug should not be taken with certain medications:

Such as antidepressants, muscle relaxers, narcotics or medicines that are used to relieve nausea and vomiting.

The drug carries a risk of dependency

Which is why it needs to be ensured that it is not taken longer than it is necessary or without prescription.

It is advisable to refrain from drinking alcohol while you are on the drug since dangerous side effects can occur.


Can tramadol be classified as a muscle relaxer?

Muscle relaxers are the group of drugs which is used to attain relief from the pain caused by muscle spasms.

Muscle spasms occur due to the involuntary and uncontrolled contraction of a group of muscles that gives rise to severe pain.

Sometimes

The contraction can be so tight that the muscles become stiff, making it difficult for you to move them.

Certain conditions related to the central nervous system such as cerebral palsy, motor neuron disease, and long-term injuries to the head or back can lead to muscle spasms.

Quite a few people tend to confuse tramadol as a muscle relaxer.

However

The truth is that the drug is far from it.

The drug provides relief from pain but does not prove to be effective when it comes to relieving muscle pain.

Furthermore

The drug is not supposed to be taken concurrently with muscle spasms since the effects can put your life in jeopardy.

Be cautious while using the drug

Tramadol carries a risk of quite a few side effects, which is why it is important to be careful while using it.

Before you make use of it:

Ensure that you acquire complete information about it so that you keep a close eye on the probable side effects and can receive prompt assistance in the case of any problem.

Tramadol should be avoided by:

Patients with asthma or other breathing problems, those suffering from a blockage in the intestines, and those who have recently used alcohol, sedatives, tranquilizers, or narcotic medications.

If there are any signs of allergic reactions to the drug, you are advised to seek consultation at the earliest.

The signs to look out for include:

Difficulty in breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat, and hives.

Common side effects caused by the drug include headaches, dizziness, easy fatigability, constipation and diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, anxiety, itching, sweating, and flushing.

What Do Muscle Relaxers Do & How Thet Work? [QUICK OVERVIEW] 0

Muscle relaxers are used to attain relief from muscle spasms that can occur due to different conditions.

Muscle spasms occur owing to the involuntary and uncontrolled contraction of muscles.

The muscles tend to contract suddenly, giving rise to pain.

Spasticity results when muscles contract tightly due to which they become stiff and harder to use.

Different muscle relaxers are currently in use to solve this problem.

  • Baclofen
  • dantrolene
  • diazepam
  • tizanidine
  • methocarbamol

Cannabis extract comprising of dronabinol and cannabidiol are some examples of muscle relaxers prescribed in the current times.

Most of these options are:

Available in the form of tablets, capsules, and liquid form.

Baclofen can be taken:

As an intrathecal injection, while diazepam can be administered rectally in liquid form.

Apart from attaining relief from muscle spasms, these drugs are sometimes used for other conditions as well.

Diazepam is given to those suffering from anxiety or insomnia and can also be used to treat seizures.


How do they work?

Muscle relaxers perform their function by causing the muscles to become less stiff and tense, which leads to a reduction in pain and discomfort.

Different muscle relaxers have different ways to perform their function.

Baclofen, diazepam, methocarbamol, and tizanidine acte on the brain and the spinal cord.

Dantrolene has a direct effect on the muscles due to which it has relatively fewer side effects as compared to the other options and is the drug prescribed for chronic muscle spasms.

Cannabis extracts act on the brain, spinal cord, and muscle.

When are muscle relaxers prescribed?

There are quite a few conditions that lead to muscle spasms, for which muscle relaxers are prescribed to provide relief.

Multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, cerebral palsy, and injuries to the head and back are examples of conditions that benefit muscle relaxers.

Cannabis is usually prescribed to patients with multiple sclerosis who do not show improvement with other muscle relaxers.

Usually

It is given as a four-week trial to gauge the effects it causes.

Diazepam is often used to provide relief from lower back pain or neck pain.

The drug is addictive:

So it should only be used for a week or two.

Methocarbamol is used for treating muscle spasm in people suffering from lower back pain.

How to take the drugs?

The drugs are usually taken orally.

Normally

The doctor starts the patient on a low dose, which is increased gradually over a few weeks.

This is done to give the body some time to get used to the medications.

Cannabis extract:

Is available in the form of a spray for the mouth needs to be sprayed under the tongue or onto the inside of the cheek once or twice in a day, as prescribed by the doctor.

The patient is advised to change the mouth area where the spray is applied to minimize the risk of irritation in the mouth.

Potential side effects

All drugs have a certain list of side effects that one needs to be wary of, and muscle relaxers are no different.

They may cause:

  • dizziness
  • sleeping problems
  • weakness
  • tiredness

Among other effects like liver toxicity, heartburn, and breathing problems.

Therefore

It needs to be ensured that the patient is closely monitored when the drugs are started so that intervention can be done in the case of any abnormality.

It should also be made certain that the patients observe compliance.